FIVE BASIC ELEMENTS
Color: creates illusion and sets the mood.
Form: the overall shape of any object.
Line: implied direction or boundary of any piece of furniture, accesory, or art.
Mass: the bulk of an object in the space that it occupies.
Texture: the feel or touch of a fabric or item.
THE COMPONENTS OF COMPOSITION
Focal point: the point of visual reference in a room to which the eye returns such as fireplaces, entertainment units, banks of windows.
Scale & Proportion: the overall size and how it relates as part of the whole, always crucial when selecting furniture.
Harmony: the blending of similar elements, a cohesive style.
Contrast: Pieces that play against one another such as black and white or hard and soft. The challenge is to balance correctly so there remains an overall sense of unity.
Variety: Mixing antiques furniture with contemporary art or a vintage chandelier with a arts and crafts table.
All rooms contain points of interest. A point in simple terms is a location. All composition needs a focal point. Think of the focal point as where the eye can rest. It maybe an architectural column, a fireplace, a bay window, or a built-in bookcase.
Fireplaces are naturally focal points in that they are consistently architectually interesting. They further provide warmth and make a room comfortable and homey. Decorating mantles adds a further element to this focal point.
Windows also create a lovely focal point in a room. Beautiful moldings and trim work enhance even the beauty of the area and provide interest. Windows bring in nature's light and serve as a mirror to the outside world.
An overscaled piece of furniture is another example of a focal point. Whether a sofa, armoire, or bookshelves, they fill a space and allow the eye to gravitate to that area.